How to Have a Green Lawn?

Green Lawn
Green Lawn

You might have noticed in your neighborhood the many different shades of green from neighbor to neighbor. We are not talking about wealth here; we are talking about green lawns. Sometimes, it is puzzling why in two homes which are next to each other, and apparently may have the same type of soil, one of them has a lush emerald green lawn, while the other, not so green. While that may be puzzling, there is a perfect explanation for it. Green lawns take some effort, dedication, and the right products.

A lawn must be mowed properly, feed the right nutrients, and it must be free from weeds to keep it healthy looking. Weeds are thieves who rob the lawn of its nutrients, and some types of weeds will choke your lawn preventing healthy growth. That is why weed control is one of the most important steps in keeping a healthy green lawn.

The type of soil you have will affect the growth, and the type of grass you choose will make a difference. There are many different types of grass, and some are suitable for cooler climates, others for warmer climates. When choosing a grass type make sure that you choose the one best for your climate conditions. If you have many shady areas and high traffic areas, you will have to use a combination of grasses to make the best of a green lawn. Choosing a grass that will do well in shady areas and a grass that will be tough enough for some heavy traffic will be necessary.

You will also need to select the right type of grass for the amount of rain that your particular area gets. You can also install an irrigation system, as watering a lawn properly is an important factor in keeping it green and healthy. You can install the system yourself or ask a professional to do it for you. If your budget is limited, then you can do some irrigating yourself with a hose or attaching a hose to some portable irrigating gadgets that you can find at the home improvement center.

Another important task to keep your lawn green is to aerate your lawn. This is necessary so the lawn breathes better and gets the necessary nutrients and air needed for its healthy development. Aerating the lawn is easy, and it can be fun too. You can buy aerating shoes, which have spikes at the sole and you will walk around the lawn wearing these shoes. The spikes will make holes in the ground and this will help separating and aerating the lawn. You can also buy a type of rolling tool for this job. It is advisable to do this process during the spring or during the fall. If you do it in the spring, wait after the ground has thawed. The fall is preferable.

Another important step is to fertilize your lawn. In addition, it is important to control the weed growth, as weeds will always be present, but you can control this part so they do not grow in your lawn. Now, this step is much easier since there are fertilizers in the market that also include a weed control agent. You can do this step together to save some time and money. You can find these types of products at the plant nursery or home improvement center. Slow release fertilizers are better because they release the nutrients over time, as opposed to all at once. Your lawn will receive the benefits periodically. Make sure to buy a product suitable for your type of grass. Follow the instructions in the package as many products vary in application methods.

The last part in keeping a green lawn is the mowing. You have to mow it to keep it growing healthy. It is best a mulching mower, as it will cut the grass, but also will provide mulch with the same grass cuttings. This will make your grass stronger. You should mulch your lawn when it is about three inches tall, never below that. You will have to mow the lawn more often, but the result will be a green and lush lawn.

How to Thatch a Lawn?

Although many people may have never heard of thatching before, for many people, it is an annual act of lawn maintenance that must be performed to keep things looking good. Thatching can be a very important part of rehabilitating a lawn that has been neglected, overwatered, over fertilized, or planted in thick clay. A thatch is a deep, dense accumulation of dead and living grass that has grown to prevent any sunlight, air or water from getting through to nourish the roots of the lawn.

The first thing you need to do when thatching a lawn is to make perfectly sure that the problem needs to be thatched. Thatching can be extremely destructive for plants and their roots. If you thatched a lawn that does not need to be thatched, they can end up decimating the entire thing. After checking to make sure the lawn really does need to be thatched, the next step is to lightly water the lawn before beginning. The soil should be moist, but not so wet that it causes the roots to come out when the lawn is thatched. After this has been accomplished, the next step in the process is to mow the lawn to the lowest level that is recommended as being healthy for that particular type of grass. It is definitely not smart to scalp the grass and let it die. You will not benefit at all from doing that. An example might help to illustrate what is meant by the lowest recommended length for ensuring the health of the particular grass in question. If the yard is comprised of Kentucky Bluegrass, it is recommended that that specific strain of grass should only be mowed to a height of only two and a half inches at the very shortest to ensure that the grass will stay alive and continue growing with a healthy green complexion. However if the grass happens to be a variety called Zoysia grass, it is only safe to mow it to the length of one and a half inches above the level of the soil. Mowing the grass any shorter than that risks killing the lawn. Every grass is different, and these recommendations are easily found on the Internet or at the local gardening shop.

Next, you should use a hand rake to deal with the layers of thatch that may seem especially light or spotty. Then, you or your friends should switch to using a rigid-tined rake to thatch around the edges of large trees, plants with especially shallow root systems, and the outer edges of the lawn itself. A caveco rake, also known as a thatching rake, is the next tool that should be used. The thatching rake is needed to loosen the light layers of thatch throughout the entirety of the lawn. This tool has a half moon-shaped tine component that is perfect for dragging over the yard to untangle the thatch.

Next, you should rent a power thatcher. After you’ve gone over the yard with the power thatcher, you have to thatch it another few times at right angles. It is important to make sure the blades are set correctly before using a power thatcher. The rental agent will know all about how to set the blades in the right position for the particular job. Once finished, the loose material from the thatching can be collected into garbage bags or a mulch pile with the use of a garden rake. Water and herbicide-free fertilizer should be applied to the lawn immediately after thatching.

The hardest part of thatching a lawn is putting in the labor. A good video that shows proper thatching technique is shown below.

How to Sod a Lawn?

New Sold Lawn
New Sold Lawn

Sodding may sometimes be needed in the case of a lawn that is no longer growing due to inclement weather and or damage to the soil from animals and other products. It is an expensive and laboring undertaking to accomplish this task but in the long run, you are going to have the best looking lawn in the city. The following steps below should assist you in going down the right path towards sodding your lawn.

1. Sod can be laid on any soil at any time but yet the conditions need to be essential for getting the best from your new grass. You will have to choose a timeframe when the area is moist so that the roots of the sod plant themselves firmly and do not rot. It’s always best to plant on a pleasant day a few days in advance of a forecasted session of rain.

2. The yard itself needs to be tended to before any sodding can be done. This process of cleaning should be done a few days ahead of the actual laying of the sod All weeds, flowers and excess remains of the previous grass need to be completely removed and a weed killing liquid sprayed onto the soil to kill any living weed roots that may come back at a later point.

3. The entire area of soil would have to be evened out with the use of a treading machine or boots with treads in them. This allows for the sod to lie evenly upon the soil at all points of the yard and also avoids any sod not getting properly laid down and dying over time. This process will probably take a few attempts before you see a level area.

4. Using wooden pegs, mark the soiled area accordingly to verify the height off the ground for the sod as well as the length across the yard. This is important because you are looking for a level sodded area to your liking but you also want to make sure that this new sod does not die out because it is not getting enough nutrients from the soil.

5. Once the pegs have assisted you in leveling your yard, you will make sure that all of the soil and added soil that was needed is leveled out accordingly to your desired height and then a fertilizer would need to be tilled onto the soil accordingly. Most lawn professionals suggest a till in this situation so that you are able to reach a more broad area rather than just throwing the fertilizer seeds with your hand.

6. The first row of your sod should be laid down on an edge of your yard that is straight. If you have a concreted patio or wooded deck that meets the lawn, it is best to use that side and area of the soil as your starting point with the sod. Every roll of sod after that would be laid down accordingly right next to the previous. Do not overlap the sods but rather get the rows as close as possible to each other without touching. Any leftover sod on the roll once you get to the other end of the yard can be cut with a utility knife or yard clippers.

7. Once all the sod has been laid, use a rolling machine to make sure that the sod is firmly planted on the ground and level with no bumps. After the rolling is completed, a schedule will have to be set to make sure that the sod gets watered on a consistent basis so that the roots begin to form as soon as possible into the soil.

How To Get Rid Of Moss In Lawns?

Moss
Moss

To some people moss acts as a good cover in shady areas, but to the majority of gardeners it is a nightmare, usually taking over a patch of ground where there should be grass. The reason it is a nightmare intruder is not because it is hard to get rid of, but rather because it is difficult to find a method to keep the moss from returning as it does year after year.

The best way to get rid of moss in lawns is to first examine why it is there in the first place. Has this moss always grown in a particular area of the lawn? Has the moss been there for just a couple of years, or more recently sprung up in the past few weeks, or months? If moss has appeared very recently then it is likely that it is due to traffic.

Compressed soil can suffocate grass roots which means the grass will die, and thin out leaving room for the invasive moss to grow in its place. A good example of this is one that everyone has seen at some point; when a vehicle is parked on some grass for more than a few days the grass will turn yellow and die. This is due to the lack of sunlight, and also the compressed earth killing off the grass.

If moss has been present since you moved into the property, or has been around for years it could be because it is a very shady part of the lawn. The lack of nutrients in the soil means that grass cannot grow, again leaving it open for the moss. Soil ph levels could have a lot to do with moss growing instead of grass, as can poor drainage. Once we have established why the moss is growing in the lawn instead of grass. We can then start to rectify the problem for the long term.

A very shady area due to a large tree, or heavy bushes can be remedied by selective pruning. In some rare cases excessive pruning may be the answer to allow enough sunlight to reach the patch of lawn. With this method this will help for the grass to grow back thicker, and help to not give room for the moss to take hold again. Another method to stop moss returning is to aerate the lawn on a regular basis. This gives grass roots the oxygen levels needed to stay healthy. Over watering can also lead to moss growing which is avoidable by watering less often, and especially not at night when most people prefer to water lawns.

Now we know what the cause of moss growth is, so how do we get rid of moss in lawns? Quite simply raking will get rid of moss, as it grows on the surface. Moss has no roots which is why it can spread so quickly. You can easily remove it using a rake, or even pull it up with your hands in clumps. The biggest problem with moss is not actually how to remove it, but how to keep it from returning which you can do using any of the above methods.

Another alternative to rid moss from your lawn, and completely stop it from returning in the future is to use a moss control product purchased from most large hardware stores, or your local garden center. A good moss control product will contain iron or lime. Lime promotes grass growth if the lime level is low in the soil, and also raises the ph level. Iron kills moss, and also promotes grass growth. Once moss has been removed you should introduce, and encourage new grass growth by refreshing the top soil. You can also spread generous quantities of a well known brand name grass seed. Moss-out, and Rid-moss are two particularly effective moss control products.

Once you can re-establish your grass, you will find there will not be any future problem with moss growth. When looking for grass seed always check the date. Fresher bags of seed will have a much higher germination rate. Also check for the amount of weed percentage. You should purchase grass seed with .3% or less weed. You should now be able to enjoy your moss free lawn.

How to Grade a Yard?

Anyone who owns a home with a yard knows the headaches that you can have. Among the greatest challenges inherent in any type of landscaping lies in dealing with the effects and consequences of poor drainage. If your property possesses a shallow grade, then it likely has water pooling up after any snow fall, rain fall, run off from gutters or other types of drains. Do not despair, help is on the way. You are able to handle poor drainage, and to create a breathtaking landscape for your lawn and garden behind and in front of your house simply by measuring the proper grade. This article goes through the step by step directions for correctly grading a yard.

Materials and Items Necessary for the Project:

– Some String
– Wooden Stakes
– A Yardstick
– A String Level

Prep. Work

This moderately challenging project can be accomplished by those with a bent for home and lawn improvement, if only you follow directions carefully. Begin the project by identifying any utility lines which lie alongside the area which you will grade, in advance of starting the project. You need to have different colored flags for water, telephone, gas, and electric lines put in by representatives of the utilities as an important first step in the process of grading your yard.

Find the drainage end point on your overall property. You have to know this in order to be capable of better grading your property. If your town or city will not permit you to hook up to a public drain for your water run off, then you should plan on building a little pond at the drainage edge of the property to catch such run off.

Marking the Grade

You will next take stakes and drive them into the ground one foot away from your house’s foundation, as well as a foot away from the end source of drainage on the property. You must spray paint each stake in order to properly mark it, so that you are able to recognize your boundary markers from some distance.

Between the two stakes that you planted, run colored string. This is useful in aiding the determination of the total grade of your lawn. You ought to tie the string securely to the stake which is nearest to your home, and then leave the opposing end looser so that you are capable of adjusting the level as necessary.

Finding the Grade of Your Yard

Then, you will raise the stake which you planted close to your drainage location. This must be done to the point that the string level shows an even balance is present. You must affix the string level up to the string’s center, then request that a family member or a friend tells you when a balance is located.

Next, measure carefully the distance from the raised stake’s bottom to the ground in order to determine the precise grade of your specific yard. The majority of experts concur that a good twelve inches of distance in every fifty feet of a property is optimal for good yard drainage.

Grading Your Yard

Now you are ready to grade the yard properly. If your property possesses a steep grade which makes effective drainage difficult, then you should use terrace grading. Such terrace grading permits the owner of a property to make steps literally every ten to fifteen feet. This will promote an effective and controlled amount of drainage leading from your house down to the ultimate drainage area.

Related Video:

How to grade a yard

Related Resources:

Handy Owner: Grading Your Yard
eHow: How to Grade Your Above Ground Pool